This is somewhat different to my usual posts…..
Mention the words Anarchism or Anarchist to most people and the image that immediately springs to mind is that of a rioting youth, a lone wolf, wearing heavy boots, a hooded jacket and an anarchist t-shirt resplendent with the letter A in a circle….and a petrol bomb in hand ready to throw either at Police or through a shop window. To support anarchy – to be an anarchist you must be a Yob…the dregs of society right? AND to be honest with you, that’s what I initially thought too.
Look up Anarchism on the all knowing Wikipedia and it tells you this:-
Anarchism is an anti-authoritarian political philosophy that advocates self-managed, self-governed societies based on voluntary, cooperative institutions and the rejection of hierarchies those societies view as unjust. These institutions are often described as stateless societies, although several authors have defined them more specifically as distinct institutions based on non-hierarchical or free associations. Anarchism holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary and harmful. Anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular worldview, many anarchist types and traditions exist and varieties of anarchy diverge widely. Anarchist schools of thought can differ fundamentally, supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism.
I’m not sure about you, but to me that sounds very reasonable…..ideal even. You may have been surprised to see the words – self governed societies and voluntary cooperative institutions – because for a society or institution to exist it follows that there would be rules and regulations surely, and that would be against what Anarchists want, wouldn’t it? The answer is – Anarchists operate on principles or ideals rather than rules and regulations, they are very much against RULERS. (The etymological origin of anarchism derives from ancient Greek word anarkhia. Anarkhia meant “without a ruler”). What they want is TRUE EQUALITY.
Personal autonomy and human rights are highly connected and cannot exist without one another. This reflects not only the equality of all individuals but also their autonomy, their right to have and pursue interests and goals different from those of the state and its rulers. Naturally as far as Anarchism is concerned there would be no rulers or state. Just true equality and personal and/or group autonomy….just as our ancestors would have had back when they were gathered into loose groups of hunter gatherers – equality with common aim.
Throughout history anarchists have been very much un-Yob-like. Lets take a look at a few of them. Respected thinkers, writers, intellectuals and even a few celebrities have followed the anarchist path. Take Plato for instance.
Or how about Charlie Chaplin?
Or…Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, the Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time. His books War and Peace and Anna Karenina are still lauded as classics of literature and yet…..another anarchist thinker.
To come finally right up to date with one of today’s great thinkers, writer, intellectual, political commentator and critic….Noam Chomsky. Chomsky believes anarchism is a direct descendant of liberalism, perfecting the ideals of personal liberty. Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, social critic, and political activist. Sometimes called “the father of modern linguistics”, Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy and one of the founders of the field of cognitive science. Professor emeritus of Linguistics at MIT…doesn’t seem like the preconceived idea of an anarchist does he?
So….is anarchy a bad thing? Your comments, opinions etc are most welcome.